John Amos Comenius, The Great Didactic (Didactica Magna), education strategy, pansophy, panpedia.
Bezrogov V.G., Kurovskaya Yu.G., Levinson K.A.
PICTURА ET EDUCATIO. IN ANTICIPATION OF JOHN AMOS COMENIUS: ILLUSTRATIONS IN WESTERN EUROPEAN TEXTBOOKS OF THE EARLY 17TH CENTURY 15
The article treats four types of printed materials of the early 17th century intended for primary education and early stages of secondary education. The authors employ the criterion of the presence of nonverbal visual elements to group textbooks into four major groups: “zero group” comprising textbooks which employ visual elements related to font only; “initial group” comprising textbooks which use visual elements to adorn initial letters; “title group” comprising textbooks with visual elements on title pages; “illustration group” comprising textbooks which contain illustrations. The article provides examples and explanations of visual means.
textbooks, book printing, illustrations, education, text, nonverbal expressive means.
HUMANITARIAN PEDAGOGY OF JOHN AMOS COMENIUS
(the 425th Birth Anniversary of an Outstanding Czech Philosopher)
John Amos Comenius, an adherent of rationalism and enlightenment, an advocate of the ethical worth of individuality and a right to free development, managed to understand that education should be aimed at a comprehensive development at the harmonization of individual and community interests.
John Amos Comenius, Institute of Pedagogy, panpedia, didactic.
ANALYZING THE HEURISTIC POTENTIAL OF JOHN AMOS COMENIUS’ HERITAGE 16 The paper analyzes the heuristic potential of John Amos Comenius’ heritage. The article treats John Amos Comenius’ pedagogical and philosophical ideas about the three phases of pansophical wisdom (empirical, epistemological and heuristic) and his ideas about heuristic knowledge as the final phase of wisdom (“Pansophiae Prodromus”). The paper maintains that John Amos Comenius’ pedagogical principles are closely related to the principles of heuristic education. The author treats the heuristic character of John Amos Comenius’ “Labyrinth of the World and Paradise of the Heart”, the principle of “learned ignorance” (Nicolas of Cusa), and natural history (“The Great Didactic”).
John Amos Comenius, heuristic, Socratic method, “learned ignorance”, “The Great Didactic”, “Labyrinth of the World and Paradise of the Heart”, empathy, conceptual viewing, natural history.