Владимира Дмитриевича Аракина одного из замечательных лингвистов России



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Arakin2

runner n бегун
6. join υt/i 1. соединять(ся), объединяться), е.g. I couldn't join (together) the two halves of the vase, because a small piece was missing. Where do the two streams join (each other)?
Syn. unite
N о t e: to join usu. means "to put two things together", е.g. The island was joined to the mainland with a bridge.; to unite usu. means "to join together (by a common aim or bond) several objects so as to form one new unit", е.g. We united all our forces to drive the enemy out of our country. Workers of the world, unite! The United Nations Organization (UNO) was formed in 1945 in San Francisco.
2. присоединяться (к), е.g. Will you join me in my walk? We'll join you in a few minutes.
3. входить в компанию, вступать в члены, е.g. If I were you I should join this club. He was twenty-two when he joined the array.
7. depend υi 1. зависеть от (on/upon smb. for smth.), е.g. We depend on the newspapers for information about world events. He depends on his sister for a living. Children usually depend on their parents (находятся на иждивении родителей).; 2. полагаться, рассчитывать на кого-л., что-л., е.g. You can depend upon the man. I depend on you to do it. Can I depend on this time-table or is it an old one?
It (all) depends как сказать; в зависимости от обстоятельств, е.g. Will you finish your work on time? — It depends.
NOTES ON SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS
1. Synonyms are words expressing the same notion, but differing by certain additional characteristics. E.g. to look, to stare and to gaze express the same notion of turning one's eyes on something or somebody, but stare and gaze differ by their emotional colourings (see item 1 of Vocabulary Notes) whereas look describes the notion generally, without any additional characteristics. Such a general word in the group of synonyms is called the synonymic dominant.
To glance is another synonym of this group which differs from the rest of them by duration: it means looking at something briefly, passingly, a moment only.
2. Antonyms are words with contrasted meanings. E. g. different — alike; convenient — inconvenient; love — hate; up — down.


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