Владимира Дмитриевича Аракина одного из замечательных лингвистов России



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ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY (II)36
Words
bacon n napkin n snack n
biscuit n noodle soup n sociable adj
bread-plate n omelet (te) n sour cream n
chips n pastry n starter n
cornflakes n pepper-box (pot) n (beef) steak n
cream n porridge n stewed fruit n
fruit juice n poultry n sugar-basin n
jelly n pudding n sweet n
jug n roast beef n table-cloth n
marmalade n salt-cellar n toast n
mustard-pot n sauce-boat n
Word Combinations
to boil meat (potatoes, cabbage, to fry bacon, eggs, potatoes,
eggs, water, milk, etc) fish (cod, perch, pike, had
to stew fruit (vegetables, meat) dock, trout, salmon)
crust of bread to taste good (bad, deli-
to sit at table (having a meal) cious, etc.)
(cf.: to sit at the table writing to be done to a turn (over
a letter, etc.) done, underdone)
to have (take) smth. for dinner crisp toast
(for the first, second course, to help oneself to smth.
or dessert) to pass smth. to smb,
to butter one's bread (roll, etc.) to dine in (out)
to have a snack (a bite of food) it's to my liking
to have another helping of smth. there's nothing like ice
to roast meat (mutton, pork, cream (steak, etc.)
beef), fowl (chicken, duck, there's nothing else coming
goose, turkey), potatoes for a change

Study the meanings and use of these items of your Essential Vocabulary:


1. Food and Meal. Food is a general term for anything that people eat: bread, meat, fish, vegetables, fruit, milk, tinned goods, sweets, etc.
е.g. Man cannot live without food. The doctor said that the patient needed good nourishing food. Where do you buy your food?
Meal is a generalizing collective term for breakfast, lunch, tea, dinner and supper (cf. the Russian arch, трапеза).
е.g. How many meals a day do you have? Supper is an evening meal. I don't want any hot meal; I think I'll do with a snack.
2. Course is a dish served at a meal; a part of a meal served at one time.
е.g. Dinner may consist of two or more courses. What shall we take for our second course? Soup was followed by a fish course.
3. To fry, to roast, to stew. To fry means "to cook (or be cooked) in boiling fat". We usually fry fish, potatoes, eggs, bacon, pancakes, etc.


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