Владимира Дмитриевича Аракина одного из замечательных лингвистов России

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1. We must prevent him from leaving.
The cold wet weather prevented the Lowood girls from go­ing for long walks.
His rheumatism often prevented Salvatore from doing anything at all.
You'd better keep yourself from taking extreme measures.
Various reasons kept Bill from joining the expedition.
Eliza tried to keep her little child from crying.
2. You can't act without feeling.
Jolyon started for the Club without having made up his mind.
Frank now felt, without knowing why, that the offer was probably good.
Rose sat there for a long time without unfastening her coat.
You can't teach one how to use speech patterns without giving a good supply of various examples.
They can't have good crops without cultivating soil.
3. His clothes made him hard to recognize.
Lots of mistakes made his speech difficult to follow.
There was something in Bosinney's appearance that made him easy to recognize.
Her shallow-mindedness makes her dull to speak to.
They found it impossible to supply the factory with raw cot­ton.
We found it hard to make up our minds about choosing a place for rest.
4. These letters are hardly worth the paper they are written on.
The problem is hardly worth the trouble taken. The picture is of little value, it is hardly worth the money paid.
The experiment is hardly worth the time you've spent on it. The incident is hardly worth all this excitement. The soil was hardly worth the toil.

I. Change the sentences, using the patterns:

Pattern 1: 1. The explorers could not reach the southern boundaries of the desert because of the scorching heat and lack of fresh water. 2. The day was foggy; the fish­ermen could not see the coast-line. 3. It's wet outdoors. Put on my raincoat, it'll save you for a while. 4. He couldn't take part in the conference because he was ill. 5. She could not make a good speech because of her poor knowledge of English.
Pattern 2: 1. Amy did not say a word and left the room. 2. You can hardly realize what an ocean-going ship is if you haven't been inside. 3. They will not come to see us if they are not invited. 4. He could listen to long verses in Lat­in, though he did not understand a word. 5. He would mark rhythm with his right foot, though he never realized what he was doing.
Pattern 3: 1. Owing to the smallness of our boat it was easy to navigate in such shallow waters. 2. It was impos­sible to move on because of the rainy season in the tropics. 3. We could hardly recognize the place after the hurricane. 4. It was easy to change our plans owing to his quick arrival. 5. I could not recognize your sister because of her new hairdo.
Pattern 4: 1. I don't think you are right taking so much trouble over the problem. 2. That sacrifice of his was almost useless. Just to think of all the efforts made! 3. What's the fare? I'm afraid it is more expensive than your luggage. 4. She had made a long way to come there, but the conference was of little value to her. 5. The manuscript turned out to be a variant of the original. I was sorry I wasted so much time translating it.

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