The report content is the issue of legality of open mass and public119 events in towns and settlements of the Russian Federation, aimed at promoting homosexualism – the so called gay parades - as well as assessment of legal and actual validity of stipulations and arguments, used by gay parade organizers to prove relevance of their demands to permit such events.
The report does not cover issues of individual rights of homosexuals to choose their sexual orientation and interact with each other, as well as activities of closed gay clubs and other homosexual organizations in Moscow and other towns in Russia.
Materials used to prepare the report:
1. Videos of gay parades (gay festivals) in Ekaterinburg, 2004 and 2005.
2. Mass media description of a “love parade” by homosexuals and transvestites in Saint-Petersburg, 27.05.2006, in the vicinity of Saint Katherine of Alexandria Catholic Church 120; mass media description of a failed gay parade in Moscow, 27.05.2006, and gay parades in Riga, Tallinn, Berlin, London, Rome, Amsterdam and other cities.
3. Mass media and scientific publications related to homosexualism, including publications, presentations and statements by ideologists of homosexualism, above all N.Alekseev 121, I. Kon122 and S. Agarkov123.
4. Statements of leaders and representatives of the biggest religious organizations in Russia on issues under consideration.
The report presents a study of the following issues:
1. Analysis of content and orientation of gay parades in the context of human rights and freedoms.
2. Assessment of relevance of necessity to hold gay parades to protect human rights of homosexuals.
3. Assessment of relevance of necessity to hold gay parades to protect homosexuals from “extremist activity”.
4. Assessment of relevance of gay parade organizers stating that such parades would not violate rights and vital interests of children.
5. Assessment of relevance of gay parade organizers stating that such parades would not violate rights and vital interests of believers.
6. Assessment of relevance of permitting gay parades based on the fact that such parades have been held for a long time in a number of foreign countries.
7. Assessment of relevance of permitting gay parades based on the reference that in a number of foreign countries homosexualism is a socially accepted norm.
8. Assessment of relevance of permitting gay parades based on cancellation of criminal persecution for homosexual relations in the Russian Federation.
9. Validity of the state restriction of gay parades to protect public morals.
10. Assessment of relevance of necessity to hold gay parades to protect “one of the forms of a family”.
11. Groundlessness of assessing criticism of homosexualism and its propaganda as “homophobia”.
“Gay parade” in our report means a mass public event (gay parade, love parade, gay festival, gay rally and other events of similar nature and orientation), held by way of a demonstration, a rally (a festival) in the public space with unlimited non-homosexual presence, planned for mass and, first of all, unwilling audience, aimed in fact at promoting homosexualism as normal, progressive, egalitarian etc, way of life, a norm of sexual behavior and sexual relationships.
Article 2 of the Federal Law “On gatherings, meetings, demonstrations, rallies and vigils”, dt. 19.06.2004 № 54-ФЗ:
Public event – an open, peaceful, accessible to everybody, held in a form of a meeting, a demonstration, a rally or a vigil or in different combinations of these forms – action, initiated by citizens of the Russian Federation, political parties, other public and religious associations. A purpose of such a public event is to freely express and form opinions and put forward certain demands on different issues of political, economic, social and cultural life of the country and foreign policy issues;
Demonstration – organized public expression of public sentiments by a group of citizens, using posters, transparencies and other means of pictorial campaigning while moving on;
Rally – mass passage of citizens using a pre-assigned route to attract attention to certain problems.
Homosexualism – sexual attraction to persons of one’s own gender. The notion covers not only periodical sexual behavior or sexual attraction, but the whole way of perceiving one’s own personality (or its self-identification) and building relations with men and women (sexual attraction).
The term “homosexualism” in the report implies both male and female (lesbianism) homosexualism.
The notion “gay” in “gay parade” word combination is determined in gay literature in the following way: «Gay – English abbreviation from “good as you”,124 although, as L.Lobanova explains, initially the word “gay” came from a criminal lingo of the XVIII century and implied prostitutes and hard-boiled crooks”125.
Russian legislation contains no clear definitions on the topic in question, therefore it is advisable to take reference to foreign legislative acts.
Section 1–3 § “f” “definitions”, article 654 “Policy toward homosexualism in the military”, article 37 “General demands to service”, part II “manning”, sub-title A “General Military Law”, title 10 “Armed Forces”, US Statute Book:
“Term “homosexual” means a human being, who, regardless of his gender, participates, tries to participate, tends to participate, or plans to participate in homosexual activities, and embraces terms “gay” and “lesbian”.
Term “homosexual act” means –
(A) any physical contact, actively undertaken or passively admitted, between representatives of the same gender to satisfy sexual desires; and
(B) any physical contact, which any sensible person understands as showing inclination or intention to participate in an act, described in sub-section (A)”.
III. Main part
Urgency of studying legal validity of stipulations and arguments of organizers and supporters of gay parades in Moscow and other towns in Russia is caused by increased scope of their propaganda and ideological activity, by facts of their deliberate confrontations with the Russian community and authorities in a number of the Russian Federation subjects.
Preparation of the report was triggered by the attempt to hold a gay parade in Moscow, 27.05.2006. The official permission was denied, and law enforcement structures were compelled to curb illegal public event of homosexuals.
1. Study of content and orientation of gay parades in context of human rights and freedoms.
Clinical instructions of “Model of diagnostics and treatment of psychic and behavioral deviations”, approved by the Decree of the Ministry of Health, RF, dt. 06.08.1999 № 311126, say: “Sexual norms have the following criteria: twoness, heterosexuality, sexual maturity of partners, voluntary relations, strive for mutual consent, absence of physical and moral damage to health of partners or other persons. Disorder of sexual preference means any deviation from norms of sexual behavior, regardless of its manifestations and nature, degree of intensity and etiological factors”. So homosexualism is outside sexual norms.
In keeping with moral and cultural traditions of all peoples, inhabiting Russia, homosexualism is considered to be social and sexual deviation.
But ideology of homosexualism and “homosexual culture”, stemming from it, have long passed from marginal social space into self-egalitarian space; at present homosexuals actively try to find a place in mass culture of the broadest strata of population.
Homosexualism provides for certain personal and social-group moral psychological and cultural identity, notably different way of life and, to an extent, special system of values, psychology of thinking and behaving, therefore gay parades imply not only change in behavior and inclinations, but drastic changes in sexual, cultural and psychological human identity, system of human moral values, including notions of a family.
Study of content and form of gay parades, that took place, allows to single out the following common features:
• vulgar and deliberately excessive picturesqueness and scandalously hypertrophied pomposity, filled with ideas of homosexualism and debauchery and openly translating the ideology to viewers;
• affectation behavior127 of organizers and main participants, indecent actions128 (public imitation of homosexual acts, other physical contacts, which “any sensible person understands as showing inclination or intention to participate in a homosexual act”129; public demonstration of obscene gestures, indecent depiction of naked buttocks etc.);
• indecent and provoking clothing, aggressively vulgar and deliberately shocking appearance of main participants (men in female underwear, in false bras etc.; attributes of sadomasochism etc.), which insult moral feelings of non-homosexuals;
• rallying in the area accessible to everybody, with unlimited non-homosexual presence, trying to attract mass and, first of all, unwilling viewers;
• provocative approach, deliberate admission or targeting to confront interests of different social groups.
The study of the past gay parades and speeches of their organizers makes clear the real goals of these public events:
• actively shape public opinion, including amassed propaganda methods, to prove that homosexualism (perceived by overwhelming majority of people as vicious and immoral behavior) is a social norm, no longer vicious;
• impose psychological approach to make homosexualism look normal and socially attractive and even prestigious, progressive and egalitarian130; provide homosexualism with attractive image in the public opinion, foremost, among the youth;
• wash away and neutralize traditional moral societal norms;
• implement corresponding business goals.
Content, orientation and exterior elements of gay parades strongly influence minds and conscience of viewers, including unwilling ones.
To compare, a military parade is a strong and powerful means of driving home psychological ideas of patriotism, respect to the country armed forces; viewers strongly experience their citizenship and feel united in the face of outside military threats.
Similarly, a gay parade is an effective psycho-technological tool to form certain psychological ideas to perceive and admit homosexualism as a norm for sexual relations and sexual behavior, a normal way of life.
A gay parade is planned to attract as many viewers as possible, to make people in the vicinity (streets of rallying, squares or stadiums for actions and performances) unwillingly see and hear the event. Actually, people are compelled to be influenced against their will by a psychological, informative and propaganda pressure of such an event. Consequently, a gay parade grossly violates an important legally binding principle of any public event – a principle of voluntary participation in any public event (item 2, article 3, Federal Law “On gatherings, meetings, demonstrations, rallies and vigils” dt.19.06.2004 № 54-ФЗ).
A gay parade, as it is, shocks and insults heterosexual audience regardless of provoking clothing and visual propaganda items - even if clothing is modest and regular, and visual propaganda is absent, the result is still shocking.
The Concept of improving women status in the Russian Federation, decreed by the RF government dt 08.01.1996 № 6, states that insufficient moral assessment of prostitution, especially in mass media, fosters increase of women involved in prostitution, despite its immorality.
Similarly, insufficiently strict moral assessment of homosexualism, especially in mass media, brings about violation of rights and vital interests of citizens, especially ones under age. Research materials contain testimony of certain people, who experienced homosexual desires due to some outside exposure, but, despite these desires, they said to have never engaged themselves in homosexual relations. Obtrusive propaganda of homosexualism eliminates and destroys moral constraints among the above mentioned persons, and involves other heterosexuals into homosexual relations by using different means of psychological influence (group pressure, imposing false ideas by psychological manipulation131, playing on egalitarian stand of certain homosexuals in the society and idea of homosexual identification and behavior, as a means of fast social promotion etc.).
Indirectly ideologists of homosexualism confirm propaganda nature of gay parades and their orientation, mostly, on heterosexual audience: “Gay parades are grand festivities and celebration of freedom - more heterosexuals with their families come to such parades, than sexual minorities”132.
Propaganda of this kind aimed at imposing homosexualism on people without homosexual inclinations is a gross violation of their constitutional freedoms and rights, most of all, freedom of beliefs and religions (article 29 and 28, the RF Constitution).
Gay parade organizers ignore demands of the RF Constitution that realization of human rights and freedoms of citizens should not violate rights and freedoms of other persons (part 3, article 17), and unlawfully infringe on rights and vital interests of the absolute majority of citizens of Russia, aggressively imposing on them homosexualism as a normal way of life, a norm of sexual relations and sexual behavior, showing disrespect to society.
Gay parades are fashioned as “celebrations of love”. But “love”, implied by gay parade organizers, is perceived by overwhelming majority of citizens not as love, but as sexual relations, abnormal ones at that, as sexual and vicious deviations133.
We quote a number of typical demagogic arguments of gay parade supporters:
“Last week our backward and mossy officials-bureaucrats once again grossly disgraced themselves in the European eyes, disgracing Moscow into the bargain, stealing away last vague hopes to get someday a status of all-round fashionable and cool capital”134. As a matter of fact, a city that connives at homosexual propaganda and violation of rights of teenagers and their parents is considered to be “all-around fashionable and cool” only by homosexuals, because absolute majority of the RF population looks at the situation just the other way around.
Another argument: “Officials accuse “Love Parade” of seemingly homosexual propaganda and, they say, infringement on moral and ethical feelings of citizens! But how can you discuss morals with lines of prostitutes standing right in front of Duma day and night?!”135 Obviously, another social evil – prostitution – can not justify or exacerbate gay parade situation, because these two phenomena are not directly related. But such arguments are quite typical for promoters of sexual perversions, who try to use demagogic statements instead of discussing the point of the matter.
The state has lifted criminal and legal prohibition of homosexual relations and, logically enough, does not entirely prohibit homosexuals to hold their corporate meetings. (To do this you need to return a criminal liability for homosexualism into Criminal Code). We still have theaters with plays like Viktiuk’s. Roman Viktiuk, answering the question about the “gay culture” notion, said: “It is the hard-core of what I’ve been doing!” According to eyewitnesses, his theater audience is almost fully consists of gays and lesbians. Viktiuk said more than once that his plays were for them and about them136. Not that such plays should be banned (although citizens may obviously express their critical opinions); the same goes for homosexual actions away from public places, like “gay-shashlik” action in Moscow country side, (09.05.2006) described by journalists137.
Mass public gay parades have totally different orientation. They are intended to be aggressively obtrusive. Such actions are remindful of rigorous immoral proselytism, based on disrespect to beliefs of the propaganda objects, who are initially do not share the promoted views.
Main features and elements of homosexual “culture”, among other elements, are: desire to show one’s nakedness, pretty often to the extent of hypertrophied exhibitionism, and ideological orientation of homosexualism exclusively to oral-genital-anal features; therefore imposing homosexualism on people alien to homosexual ideas is considered by them as cruel insult of their moral feelings, causing profound moral sufferings, defined by them in most cases as extremely painful and intolerable.
That is why mass protest manifestations against forceful imposition of homosexualism periodically take place in Russia and other countries. A vivid example – a 100 000 people protest manifestation in 1999 in Paris, with participation of Catholics, religious Jews, Moslems, Protestants and non-believers. Participants protested against the law on “civil solidarity pact”, which was to make homosexual unions legally and fiscally equal to heterosexual families138.
The provocative nature of gay parades is confirmed by desire of their organizers to hold demonstrative public actions next to war memorials, monuments to victims of terror etc. It is done in a pretentious way and looks like an insulting and cynical mockery, and not sincere expression of gratitude and respect, which results in a sizeable public irritation.
There are no rational explanations justifying the necessity of holding promotional gay actions next to such memorials. Homosexuals made no contribution at all to defeating nazis. On the other hand, each one of them may personally express his or her respect or gratitude to war heroes and victims without making a show or pronouncing ideological statements. But such an approach does not seem to be suitable for gay parade organizers, since it is ineffective for promotion purposes.
Gay actions next to war memorials, monuments to victims of terror etc. should be considered as gay parades in a covert fashion, extremely insulting for the majority of people, who find homosexualism dangerous sexual perversion for a person, society and family institution.
Gay parades expect broad public response and scandal and may be assessed as a specially sophisticated form of hooliganism – gross violation of public order, disrespect to society and insulting molestation of citizens.
Under certain circumstances gay parades may be reasonably considered as expansion of homosexual ideology from abroad – deliberately provocative actions of certain foreign individuals, since gay parades in the Baltic countries and in the Eastern Europe are visited by numerous homosexuals from abroad, who come specifically to participate in such events. For instance, such was the gay parade case in July 2005, in Riga139. A lot was written in Russian mass media about the role of foreign participants in a failed gay parade in Moscow, 27.05.2006.
2. Assessment of relevance of necessity to hold gay parades to protect human rights of homosexuals.
One of the means to promote ideology of homosexualism, also used to prove the necessity of holding gay parades in Russian towns, is the myth about mass discrimination of homosexuals in Russia.
The society is made believe in an axiomatic way, that homosexuals are a discriminated and victimized minority, therefore they need special rights and privileges. But this notion is false, and the discrimination is fictitious.
Actually, homosexuals are not discriminated in their rights comparing with other RF citizens and fully enjoy rights and freedoms of human beings and citizens.
The study of complaints about discrimination of homosexuals makes it clear that such complaints are not about discrimination in a legal sense of the notion. Absolute majority of such complaints are not supported by evidence and contain no reference to specific facts, and mostly demand special rights and additional privileges, not just equal rights with heterosexuals. When such demands are legitimately denied, homosexuals illegitimately call such denials “discrimination”.
Ideologists of homosexualism insist on the following “special rights” and privileges:
• “right” to conduct public propaganda of homosexualism without any limits or obstacles, that is to impose homosexualism on people with heterosexual orientation, including children;
• “right” to fully prohibit any criticism, even well grounded, related to their homosexualism in connection with any of their actions, promoting homosexualism;
• “right” to persecute people who are assured of vicious and abnormal nature of homosexualism, to the extent of introducing criminal liability for criticism of homosexualism;
• “right” to introduce special legislation to single out homosexuals into a special social group among the rest of the population and provide them with a privileged status.
All the enumerated “rights” and demands are obviously exotic wishful thinking and can not be supported in a legislative way, since they are legally ungrounded and even absurd, and totally inadmissible in a democratic constitutional state.
There are no rational, legal and actual grounds for homosexuals to get special legal privileges above rights of human beings and citizens, secured and guaranteed for everybody, since such rights and privileges would contradict rights and vital interests of other citizens of the Russian Federation.
Complaints about discrimination to support such demands are false, since a legally founded denial to satisfy groundless demands for additional and special rights, in comparison with the rest of the citizens, is not discrimination and can not be considered as one.
Discrimination is a refusal to give employ or to fire a person, a denial to admit for schooling, any other violations of rights and freedoms, violation of equality of citizens due to their non-traditional sexual orientation. But ideologists of homosexualism exploit the topic of human rights to support their illegitimate infringement on rights of heterosexuals, the purpose being total domination and dictate of private interests and ideology of sexual minorities over way of life and ethics of the majority of the population.
The whole “struggle” of ideologists of homosexualism for special rights and privileges is mostly oriented at the non-homosexual public, and not at the authorities, which really shows the falsity of statements about fight for rights of sexual minorities by way of holding gay parades.
Ungrounded accusations in discrimination of homosexuals (which is a crime stipulated by article 136 of the RF Criminal Code) against persons considering imposition of homosexualism inadmissible and illegal, including propaganda of homosexualism to children, only on the basis of critical assessments of homosexualism and standing for one’s rights, in themselves are slanderous, which is a crime stipulated by article 129 of the RF Criminal Code. Such ungrounded accusations sent by way of complaints to law enforcement structures constitute deliberately slanderous information about committing a crime, which in itself is a crime stipulated by article 306 of the RF Criminal Code.
Actually, homosexual ideology is a belligerent immorality and aggressive counter-morality. Discussions about possible normal coexistence of homosexual ideology with historic moral norms in Russia are beyond any criticism, since current ideology of homosexualism is not about quiet, self-oriented existence, а homosexual aggressive proselytism being an objective and indispensable part of homosexual ideology.
Promoters and protectors of a homosexual way of life show clear irritation about any norms protecting public morality, unrelated directly to homosexualism, describing them as having “hidden anti-homosexual attitude”. For instance, a supporter of homosexualism Frederic Martel is strongly irritated by French legislative acts, related to civil servants (who should be “well meaning”) and tenants (who should behave as “respectable fathers in the families”). F.Martel assesses such laws as having “hidden anti-homosexual attitude”140. Similarly a person with marginally low criminal sub-culture has categorically negative attitude toward any educated, intelligent and moral person, who by his existence itself demonstrates “hidden anti-criminal attitude”.
Negative attitude of ideologists of homosexualism to morals is explained by their intolerable and extremist attitude to any traditional culture different from their own homosexual sub-culture.
Such a conclusion is convincingly supported by the content of gay festivals in Saint-Petersburg (27.05.2006) and Ekaterinburg (2004 and 2005) – a concoction of frenzied indecencies; see what one of the organizers and activists of the Ekaterinburg gay parade, a shaven-head man in a female wedding dress, who introduced himself as Noya Kohh, said in an interview:
“Great and unpredictable, full-breasted, clad in something light, blissful owner of the most sweeping f… buttocks and the longest legs in our town, the queen of trance, the lustiest of bitches, f… miracle of the Russian transvestite world and a certified actress, therefore an international actress of the Universe, beautiful and proud, omnipresent, but not omnishitting – Noya Kohh. We in Ekaterinburg hold the only love parade in Russia for the fourth time with a simple ideological motto: let us make love, not war”141 (dots substitute obscene words).
During the whole gay parade nothing was said about discrimination of homosexuals, no specific facts of such discrimination were mentioned. But the “Noya Kohh” quoted interview puts an obvious stress on anti-cultural, asocial and amoral orientation of the event.
Reference of homosexual ideologists in support of gay parades to articles 10 and 11 of the European Convention on Human Rights and Main Freedoms, securing freedom of expression, freedom of peaceful gatherings and freedom of associations with other people is clearly unfounded.
Part 2 of article 10 and part 2 of article 11 of the European Convention on Human Rights and Main Freedoms set admissible and necessary limits to these freedoms in the interests of national security or public good to prevent disorders and crimes, to protect health and morality. Content and orientation of gay parades directly provide for necessary and sufficient reasons to restrict them on the basis of the above Convention.
As a matter of fact, gay parades in the Russian Federation can not be considered as “peaceful gatherings” (reference to article 31 of the RF Constitution, part 1 of article 11 of the European Convention on Human Rights and Main Freedoms). The fact that participants of such gatherings are not armed and do not attack other people does not make such events “peaceful gatherings”. Their content and orientation should not contradict values and beliefs of the majority of the society, which people are ready to protect by legal and any other means, if there is a real danger of the values to be damaged, insulted, sneered at etc. Dislike of homosexualism, as a real threat to demographic safety, wellness of families, children, peoples and the whole Russian society is one of such values and beliefs in the modern Russian society, together with, for instance, mass dislike of Nazi ideology (despite presence of certain Nazi associations).
So allegations that by prohibiting gay parades Russia violates its international obligations are totally groundless, since the Russian Federation never assumed obligations to provide privileges for homosexuals and foster homosexual propaganda among heterosexuals. In principle there are no and can not be international agreements to set such state obligations.
No one struggles for legislative recognition of zoophilia, necrophilia, incest and provision of such relationships with a family status.
Similarly, there are no legal grounds to permit nudists or prostitutes to parade in the center of Moscow.
Heterosexuals also enjoy sexual liaisons, criticized by the society and considered morally vicious, but nobody (at least, actively) tries to legitimize and position them as a socially acceptable norm and a progressive or egalitarian way of life.
Without comparing homosexuals with Nazi, we may find a political analogue - marches of neo-Nazi. Formally such marches may also be explained by demands to have freedom of beliefs, but for moral reasons they are inadmissible for the overwhelming majority of the society. The majority considers such actions, regardless of formally peaceful nature of a neo-Nazi march, as an aggressive attack, an insult, an attempt to “educate” people in an inadmissible fashion for them and the society as a whole, as an expression of a certain “victory” over generally accepted societal norms, their “denunciation” or “overcoming”.
The same approach is significantly meaningful in relation to ideology of homosexualism. Spread of homosexual behavior over sufficient part of the society is ripe with moral and physical degradation and total extinction in the end. Under the conditions of modern demographic catastrophe of the Russian people and other peoples, populating Russia, the public propaganda of a sexual behavior, obviously leading to depopulation, is reasonably considered by many people as propaganda of “normality” of such an extinction.
Consequences are easy to forecast – provoking of social enmity and extremist actions (from both sides). Possibility of such consequences is one of the reasons why demands to allow a gay parade were denied by the state bodies – to protect public safety.
Thus gay parades in reality have nothing to do with protection of human rights and freedoms, with protest against any form of discrimination; on the other hand, they are a subtle cynical means of an aggressive and obtrusive propaganda of homosexualism as a normal and fashionable way of life, normal sexual relations and sexual behavior.