В работе изучаются этапы развития иммиграционной политики Европейских Сообществ, ее особенности и проблемы, существующие на сегодняшний день. Кроме этого, особое внимание уделено основополагающим принципам иммиграционной политики Швеции. Наконец, выявлены препятствия, стоящие на пути эффективного взаимодействия коммунитарной политики ЕС и иммиграционной политики Швеции.
To the master thesis of the student of Department of European Studies,
School of International Relations of Saint-Petersburg State University
Ekaterina Loginova On the theme
THE EFFICIENCY OF LEGAL REGULATION OF IMMIGRATION
IN THE EUROPEAN UNION ON THE EXAMPLE OF SWEDEN
Key words: community politics of the European Union; immigration politics of Sweden; legal/illegal immigration flows; institutes and agencies of the EU; cooperation in the sphere of regulation of immigration on different levels.
Master’s thesis of Ekaterina Loginova is devoted to the efficiency of legal cooperation of community politics of the European Union and the Swedish politics in the sphere of immigration.
The subject of regulation of immigrant flows and struggle against illegal immigration has become really relevant for the European Union and its member states, including Sweden, in the last several years. Thousands of immigrants arrive on the territory of the EU annually and, on the one side, satisfy the need in additional work force, that has appeared due to the poor demographic situation in the states of the EU; but, on the other hand, it leads to some problems, for example, cases of discrimination and racism, high unemployment level among natives, change of image of the EU, and etc.
The thesis gives a consideration of the stages of the development of the EU immigration politics, its recent particularities and problems. Moreover, special attention is paid to the basic principles of Swedish immigration politics. And, finally, the obstacles that exist on the way of efficient cooperation of community politics of the EU and Swedish immigration politics were examined.
Also there is the analysis of those reasons why EU member states (on the example of Sweden) need to form a common point of view on the immigration process; follow community politics of the European Union and use unified (for all member states) methods and instruments to deal with the raising number of foreigners who come to the EU.