THE ESSENCE AND PECULIARITIES OF CONFUCIAN PEDAGOGY
The unique pedagogical heritage of Confucius consists in the fact that he rejected formal teaching and focused on spiritual and ethical guidance. Confucius believed that on the Path of Tao, a teacher should take into consideration his students’ inborn abilities and innate characteristics.
Confucian pedagogy, humanistic pedagogy, ability to study, historical-pedagogical teaching, philosophy of education.
EDUCATING A POLITICIAN AND EDUCATING THROUGH POLITICS IN CICERO’S DIALOGUE “ABOUT A STATE”
The paper analyzes Cicero’s philosophical and pedagogical concept, which underlines the importance of educating novice politicians and the importance of educating citizens through politics. Cicero’s dialogue “About a State” is treated as a literary work which presents Cicero’s pedagogical ideas. Comparing and juxtaposing philosophy and politics, Cicero underlines the importance of education through culture, which according to Cicero includes politics, education and socialization.
education through culture, educating a politician, educating a citizen, Cicero’s pedagogical concept.
EDUCATIONAL METHODS IN FRANCIS PARKER’S PEDAGOGY
The article focuses on Francis Parker’s approaches to school education methods. The scholar’s education methods are based on the principles of interconnection and spontaneity. His thought method is aimed at the realization of children’s spontaneous actions.
education methods, Francis Parker, spontaneous actions, principle of interconnection.
THE EVOLUTION AND MODERNIZATION OF THE ITALIAN SYSTEM OF EDUCATION
The article treats the modernization of the Italian system of education and deals with teacher training as a result of recent reforms. It also compares the Italian and Russian systems of education.
reform of the Italian system of education, education cycle, teacher training in Italy, compulsory post-graduate teacher training in Italy
THE IMPACT OF MODERN EDUCATION ON THE FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF A PERSONALITY AS A SUBJECT OF POLITICAL PROCESS (AT THE EXAMPLE OF SPAIN)
The article treats some major problems of the Spanish system of education, such as a decreasing literacy rate, a high graduate unemployment level, and educational loyalty which triggers off low political and social activity of young people.
system of education, Bologna process, Spain, individualization, personal approach.