Ключевые слова идея, личность, внутренний диалог, диалог культур, самодетерминация. The author see the solution of key collisions of modern psychology in a more profound interpretation of Bakhtin’s dialogism as a new methodological paradigm of humanities. The article analyze his concepts of personality, idea, dialogue and culture as mutual determined universal phenomena. On it’s base the possibility of whole dialogical description of psychics is demonstrated. The author ground the methodological importance of V.S. Bibler’s philosophy developing the main ideas of Bakhtin.