Issn 2617-7544; elssn 2617-7552 Индекс 75876; 25876



страница19/91
Дата31.07.2022
Размер1,16 Mb.
#174514
1   ...   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   ...   91
Data analysis
The relevance of survey data is justified by the purpose of information gathering (to highlight the most significant behavioral risk factors for suicide among urban adolescents). In addition, two groups of people consist of professionals, who use to deal with similar problems, and the third group includes representatives of the youth, who know the problem “from the inside”.
Encouraging law enforcement officers to take part in a mini-interview was a challenge because employees working with adolescent suicides make effort to evade this problem due to personal helplessness and lack of professionalism. After the officers learned about the fact stating and trend identifying, rather than performance evaluative, mission of the survey, only 64 employees out of initial 183 volunteered to participate. The sample of adolescents grew from the expected 183 to 190 due to the interest in questions raised. Data analysis was carried out through the calculation of clear-cut responses and recording of information from survey forms that were subsequently processed via content analysis due to the diversity of answers.
Validity and reliability of results
Despite the regional focus and research date, many studies adhere to a similar viewpoint concerning the behavioral risk factors (Vagin, 2001; Myagkov, 2003; 2004; Altynbekov et al., 2009; Stadukhina et al., 2013; Brown & Jager-Hyman, 2014; Randall et al., 2014; Yen et al., 2015; Franklin et al., 2017).
The following are the main behavioral risk factors (Kassen, 2016: 11558):
Alcohol and substance abuse Running away from home Self-isolation from other people and life Sharp decrease in daily living activity Change of habits (non-compliance with personal hygiene practices)
Interest in reading and talking about death and suicide
Frequent listening to mourning or sad music Putting affairs in order (resolving conflicts, writing letters to relatives and friends, giving away possessions)
Sudden changes in behavior and mood, especially those alienating an individual from relatives “Flirting with danger”
Visiting a doctor without obvious need Disruptive behavior or decline in academic performance
Parting with expensive possessions or money Purchasing things needed to commit suicide. Below is a brief description of those risk factors that subjectively are the most dangerous.
In age psychology, adolescence is a period of heightened sensitivity and vulnerability. As a result, an adolescent is vulnerable to subjectively unfavorable circumstances and actions that, in his/her opinion, characterize his/her maturity and independence.
The first factor that marks suicidal tendencies in an adolescent is the concern with death and suicide related topics. People around such a person may notice these tendencies from the books he/she reads, from the websites he/she browses, from his/her conversations with friends and sometimes parents. According to suicidologists, this is a high-risk factor and a direct indication for visiting a specialist. The second factor is a change in the adolescent behavior towards self-isolation, a decrease in daily living
activities, disregard for one’s appearance, failure to follow personal hygiene practices, and the interest in listening to sad and mournful music. There are also signs of school disadaptation - the loss of interest in learning, a decline in academic performance, and absenteeism. Against this background, there are often links to cravings for psychoactive substances (alcohol, toxic and addictive drugs) to release mental stress. However, alcoholic or toxic intoxication causes the emotional and volitional control over arising impulses to reduce and the anti-vital tendencies that appear push to suicide. There are cases of inadequate reactions like the act of “running away from home” and vagabondism. Thus, the adolescent attempts to “run away” from a subjectively difficult situation and a suicide is an extreme way to fulfil this intention.
Results
Figure 1 displays the results of a mini­interview. According to professionals, who work with adolescents, the risk of suicide will increase significantly if the student loses interest in learning, lags in academic performance, and diminishes
previously good attendance record. This behavioral factor scores 65.6%, as most schoolteachers and psychologists noted its pathogenic effect. The following factors are the act of “running away from home” and vagabondism: 50.8% of professionals consider this the ultimate reason for suicide. According to employees of psychological agencies, adolescents, who did not receive the warmth of family love, often leave their home due to the destructive influence of the family and are most prone to commit suicide.
The third and fourth places are occupied by alcohol craving (44.2%) and drugs/substance abuse (37.7%). Respondents who emphasized both of these factors are employees of psychological agencies or health professionals, who interact with suicidal adolescents more often than school teachers and psychologists. Among risk factors, a decrease in daily living activities holds a fifth position: 23% of professionals consider this factor to be significant. They believe that the reasons for such a change are personal immaturity, low self­esteem, communication incompetence, and the lack of parental support.






Поделитесь с Вашими друзьями:
1   ...   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   ...   91




База данных защищена авторским правом ©psihdocs.ru 2022
обратиться к администрации

    Главная страница